Water pollution is a serious problem for the entire world. As Uganda plans to start extracting her oil resources, communities in the oil region are becoming worried. Water threatens the health and well being of humans, plants, and animals. All water pollution is dangerous to the health of living organisms, but lakes and river pollution can be especially detrimental to the health of humans and animals. Rivers and lakes are used as primary sources of potable water by populations all over the world. Another serious consequence of this pollution is the effect of this pollution on trade (fisheries) in the polluted area and agriculture.