Geothermal energy is clean, green, its carbon footprint on the environment is minimal.Since geothermal energy production began in Kenya in the 1980s, the technology has evolved to help make it a cleaner process.
The region's underground is a geothermal hotspot, harbouring hot water sources and steam at 300 degrees Celsius (572 degrees Fahrenheit) that is piped up to the surface from depths of up to 2,000 metres (6,500 feet). For many years, Kenya has relied on its hydroelectric network, which last year produced 820 MW. But recurring droughts have rendered this source of energy much less reliable than before.
Goeffrey Kamese Nansonve is representing NAPE in the African Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI) meeting that is taking place in Berlin German. The African Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI) was launched in Paris during the UNFCCC COP21. The AREI aims at enabling the installation of large-scale renewable energy capacity on the African continent by 2020, which would have a considerable impact on the reduction of greenhouse gases emissions in the continent. At least $5 billion in public and highly concessional finance between 2016 and 2020, from bilateral, multilateral and other sources, including the Green Climate Fund, will be needed to leverage a further USD15 billion in other investments, for a total investment of at least USD20 billion pre-2020.
The Initiative is led by the African Union’s commission, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD)’s Agency, the African Group of Negotiators, the African Development Bank, the UN Environment Program (UNEP), and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
The AREI has been identified as an important initiative of driving an energy transformation process on the African Continent. NAPE; which is also Friends of the Earth Uganda cherishes and has been promoting the idea of a community owned and community controlled energy development agenda and it is in this spirit that we are looking at an energy agenda that supports community centered and community owned energy options as a way of overcoming community energy poverty in Africa. As we welcome the African Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI), we hope it will not repeat past energy initiatives on the continent that have brought more misery to the people instead of improving their livelihoods. While governments have been focusing on energy for industry, they have not put equal efforts towards developing energy that can meet the basic energy needs of the communities.
Today people are considered to have energy access even when they cannot utilize it and only see cross their houses just because of such energy is not affordable to them. Many communities lack clean cooking energy and depend on biomass for energy. We have seen energy systems fail not only in Africa but all around the globe. It very definite that an energy breakthrough on the African continent will only be achieved when the people on the continent will collectively have a say on the kind of energy they desire and where such energy option should be located.
'The 0.6MW Solar plant, on Bugala Island – Kalangala District'
'THE BIGEST BURDEN: women in Africa spend a lot of time looking for firewood'
NAPE was represented at the UN Climate sumit in Paris by two staff - Goeffrey Kamese N, who is the Senior Program officer in charge of Climate Change and Chemicals Management at NAPE and sits on the Steering Commuittee of Climate Justice and Energy of Friends of the Earth International.
David Kureeba who is the Cordinator of Global Forest Coalition at NAPE and Friends of the Earth International. Mr. Kureeba also leads campaigns involving agro-fuels and the negative effects of plantation expansion as well as tracking and analyzing the United Nations program Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation(REDD). Kureeba features in KPFK radio’s Sojourner Truth radio show, http://globaljusticeecology.org/earth-watch-david-kureeba-with-the-global-forest-coalition-and-friends-of-the-earth/
As the Climate negotiation move close to the end, the world anxiously awaits for a possible new agreement on Climate change that will see global temperature reducing below 2C threshold. There is a draft text for the Paris outcomes, but this is not final. Let us all pray this time round, our negotiators will reach an agreement.