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NAPE was represented at the UN Climate sumit in Paris by two staff - Goeffrey Kamese N, who is the Senior Program officer in charge of Climate Change and Chemicals Management at NAPE and sits on the Steering Commuittee of Climate Justice and Energy of Friends of the Earth International.

David Kureeba who is the Cordinator of Global Forest Coalition at NAPE and Friends of the Earth International.  Mr. Kureeba also leads campaigns involving agro-fuels and the negative effects of plantation expansion as well as tracking and analyzing the United Nations program Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation(REDD). Kureeba features in KPFK radio’s Sojourner Truth radio show, http://globaljusticeecology.org/earth-watch-david-kureeba-with-the-global-forest-coalition-and-friends-of-the-earth/

As the Climate negotiation move close to the end, the world anxiously awaits for a possible new agreement on Climate change that will see global temperature reducing below 2C threshold. There is a draft text for the Paris outcomes, but this is not final. Let us all pray this time round, our negotiators will reach an agreement.

REPORT: Study shows that inaction on climate change will cost Uganda 20 times more than adaptation

A new report from the Government of Uganda with support from CDKN, Baastel, Metroeconomica, Makerere University and CIDT, finds that investing in adaptation to climate change today is well worth the investment. The costs of inaction on climate change by 2025 are 20 times the costs of adaptation.

Uganda is already experiencing the impacts of climate variability and associated economic losses. A drought in 2008 caused losses of approximately 3% of the value of all food and cash crops that year.Two years later, the country lost 16% of the total annual value of these crops as a result of extreme weather.

Uganda’s First National Development Plan (2010–2015) recognises that climate change will affect most of its key economic sectors and that action on climate change is crucial if the country is to meet its goal to become a competitive, upper middle-income country by 2040. The Plan also recognises that, for development to be economically and socially sustainable, climate resilience must be at the heart of policies for growth and development, energy access and security, increased agricultural production, education and health. The National Climate Change Policy was approved by the Ugandan Cabinet in April 2015 and its priorities are mainstreamed into the country’s Second National Development Plan (2015–2020).

Against this backdrop, the Government of Uganda commissioned the Economic Assessment of the Impacts of Climate Change study. Its purpose is to provide the Government with economic evidence on the current and future costs associated with climate variability and predicted climate change, and the necessary adaptation measures for different sectors at both national and local scales. This evidence is intended to help policy-makers mainstream climate change and resilience into national and sectoral policies and develop the case for investing in adaptation. The study team engaged with around 200 stakeholders from the Government of Uganda and around 300 people from districts and civil society through face-to-face meetings, workshops, interviews and field missions.

Evidence from the study has already informed Uganda’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the 21st Conference of Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris, France, in late 2015. The INDC outlines Uganda’s commitment to climate adaptation and the mitigation of greenhouse gases as part of a new, universal global climate agreement that will be decided at the summit.

The report’s key messages are:

1. Development prospects will only be reached if the impacts of climate change on Uganda are mitigated.

2. The impacts of climate change are expected to be felt across all the sectors and local areas studied, to varying degrees.

3. The cost of adaptation is high: estimated at around US$406 m over the next five years (2015–2020). On an annual basis, this amounts to about 5% of net official development assistance received and 3.2% of total government revenues (excluding grants).

4. The cost of inaction is 20 times greater than the cost of adaptation: inaction is estimated at between US$3.1 bn and 5.9 bn per year by 2025, which is more than 20 times the proposed adaptation budget.

5. The economic case for adaptation is clear: many of the adaptation measures proposed in the study are ‘no regrets’ investments, in that they are valid even in the absence of climate change.

6. Considering the co-benefits strengthens the case for adaptation further, for example improved livelihoods, health and access to energy; these represent strong investments in the development of Uganda’s future.

Preamble

On the road to Paris, a wave of hope manifested in the impressive number of ambitious Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) testifies the commitment of developing countries to address climate change, though without assurance of support.

A recentassessment of the submitted INDCs by civil society had found that commitments captured in INDCs will not keep temperatures below 1.5°C or 2°C, above pre-industrial levels. The current INDCs represent substantially less than half of the reduction in emissions required by 2030.

Introduction

“Government should come to our rescue as weonly get to eat once every two days.” These are some of the sentiments reported in the media as drought and famine hit some parts of UgandaSince August 2015 to date.In May 2013, heavy rains in Kasese district caused severe flooding in 9 sub-counties leaving 8 people dead and displacing 9,663 according to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC).According to Uganda humanitarian profile (OCHA 2011), the 2010 landslides buried 3 villages, leaving 83 people dead and more than 300 missing.

Increasing frequency and intensity of weather and climate related disastersare being witnessed in all partsof the World including Uganda with severe impacts on women and children.

We the civil society advocating for climate justice globally and in Uganda having met on September 30, 2015 at Imperial Royale hotel in Kampala,

We urge;

To Government of Uganda

  1. Expedite the development of the National Climate Change Bill. The Bill should have a compliance mechanism to realize the low carbon economy andfacilitative mechanism to enhance provision of finance, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building;
  1. Scale-up on-budget climate change expenditure from 1 per cent to not less than 5 per cent per year from 2016 in a measurable, reportable and verifiable manner while devolving funds to local governments to undertake climate actions, and fast-track the establishment of national implementing entity (NIE) for climate finance;
  1. Strengthen the implementationof“Article 6 of the Convention” through multi-stakeholder partnerships based on principle of inclusiveness, focused specifically on the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable aimed at undertakingeducation and training programmes on climate change, promoting public participation, awareness and access to information, and enhancing international cooperation;
  1. Undertake technology needs assessment (TNAs) through a sector wide approach to enable Uganda National Council for Science and Technology execute its role, whereas creating an enabling environment for private sector to promote innovation, research and development;
  1. While undertaking mitigation actions towards a low carbon economy, aim to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development while taking into account the provision of social protection and safety nets to realize pro-poor co-benefits;
  1. Facilitate inclusive adaptation planning and ensure development ofa holistic integrated national adaptation plan (NAP);
    1. Honour persons for extraordinary service to climate change outreach and negotiations, for example Mr. Philip Gwage who represented Government of Uganda at the Intergovernmental negotiating Committee for a Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1991 and still serves as a negotiator till to date, as “Special Envoy for Climate Change”.

To COP21/CMP11

  1. Parties conclude the Ad HocWorking Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP)and adopt a “Protocol” with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties;
  1. Parties aim to achieve a just and gender responsive climate agreement and ensure inclusive andequitable public participation in decision-making throughgender-responsive means of implementation;
  1. Parties to establish aglobal goal on adaptation in accordance with the objective, principles and provisions of the convention, with the aim ofstrengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change;
  1. Parties to establish a global mechanism to address loss and damage, building on the work of the Warsaw International Mechanism on Loss and Damagewith complementaryelements such as: an insurance component; rehabilitation/compensatory component and risk management component;
  1. Parties launch an accelerated implementation process (AIP) for pre-2020 implementation including, inter alia, revisiting the pre-2020 emission reduction targets, assessing the adequacy of finance, technology and capacity-building support to developing countries and launch a technical examination process on adaptation;
  1. Developed Country Parties take lead to provide support to developing countries, bearing in mind that provision of finance be based on a floor of US$ 100 billion per year from 2020,and take into account the different assessment of climate related finance needs and gaps, based on an ex-ante process, while strive to scale-up adaptation finance and commit to ensure that at least 50% of financial support from public sources shall be dedicated to adaptation;
  1. Developed Country Parties notto incorporate mitigation potential of Agriculture BUT maintain scientific and technical work on how to enhance adaptation through early warning systems, assessment of risk and vulnerability, identification of adaptation measures, and assessment of agricultural practices and technologies;
  1. Developed Country Parties to further close the ambition gap while ensuring the highest possible mitigation efforts by committing to a target of reducing emissions to at least 40% below 1990 levels by 2020.