GREENLIVELIHOODS ALLIANCE PROGRAMME (GLA) PROJECT
NAPE is implementing a 5 year project titled “Securing a healthy eco system that supports improved community livelihoods in the kalangala landscape through lobby and advocacy”. This project is being supported by the Dutch ministry through Millieudefensie. GLA is not only implemented in Uganda but also other countries such as Nigeria, Ghana, Vietnam, DRC, Bolivia, Liberia, Cameroon and Philippines.
The main approach that the programme implores is lobby and advocacy and capacity building of programme stakeholders.
The programme works to reduce the impact of international drivers of forest change and degradation such as oil palm, oil & gas and other extractives. NAPE is working on the oil &gas driver and the Agrocomodities driver with specific focus on oil palm.
The GLA programme strives to achieve several outcomes which include eexpansion of oil palm plantations on both public and private land in Kalangala landscape stopped ,empowered communities able to engage government and palm oil investors on rights-based advocacy Kalangala landscape, Women and other marginalized groups empowered to participate in oil palm development processes among others among others.
Location of the project area
Kalangala is situated in the southern central part of Uganda within Lake Victoria, it boarders Mpigi district in the south west of Entebbe with 84 islands. In 2016 Kalangala population was estimated to be around 58,000.
Prior to the introduction of oil palm plantations, kalangala had a forest cover of 221.5km2 of tropical high forest representing 49% of its total land area and 39.7km2 of wetlands representing 0.44% of the total land area. About 150 km2 of total forest area was located on Bugala Main Island which currently has 13 forest reserves estimated at 64.62 km2. The District has 34 Central Forest Reserves covering an area of 88.61km2 and 31.9km2 of private forest.
30,000 ha of public forest land was grabbed for oil palm in kalangala and an estimate of 3,600 hectares of pristine forests were cut down to plant oil palm
Some of the impacts of oil palm plantations in kalangala include loss of biodiversity, climate change associated with deforestation, violation of human rights, land grabbing, food insecurity among others, land conflicts
Buvuma Island is bordered by Jinja district to the north, and Buikwe and kitamiro in other directions with 52 islands. Buvuma district has 7 local forest reserves and 19 national forest reserves. The population of Buvuma is estimated to be around 89,890 people.
The total composition of land in Buvuma is 20,000 hectares. But with oil palm expansions in the district, BIDCO will be taking 10,000 hectares leaving 5000 for forests and 5000 for the population.
As a result of this, there will be increased encroachment on forests by the populations who do not have where to stay, there will be increased burden on the lake for fishing since there will be little land for agriculture and people will leave the district and move to the mainland or become destitute.
Some of the reasons for encroachment of forests in Buvuma have been as a result of charcoal burning since Buvuma is the main supplier the neighboring districts of mukono, Jinja with charcoal growing of upland rice which requires plain land hence a driver of deforestation.